Railway

Between 30 & 52 trains a day to use new single-track railway travelling at speeds of upto 160 KMh

US $13 Billion Railway

The trains will be electric but also what should be considered for some journeys is Hydrogen trains.

Kenya plans to begin construction in 2025 of a $13.8 billion high-speed single-track electric railway from its Indian Ocean port of Lamu to Ethiopia and South Sudan.

Low emission cement & Concrete

There are several methods that can be implemented in existing cement works to capture carbon dioxide or lower emissions:

1. Carbon Capture and Storage (CCS): This technology involves capturing carbon dioxide emissions at the source, such as through flue gas scrubbing, and then storing it underground or utilizing it for other purposes. CCS can significantly reduce emissions from cement plants.

2. Energy efficiency improvements: Implementing energy-efficient measures can help reduce emissions in cement works. This can include using more efficient kilns, heat recovery systems, and optimizing the production process to minimize energy consumption.

3. Alternative fuels: Cement works can substitute fossil fuels, such as coal and oil, with low-carbon or carbon-neutral alternative fuels, like biomass, waste-derived fuels, or even municipal solid waste. This can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions associated with the combustion of traditional fossil fuels.

4. Blended cements: Cement manufacturers can produce blended cements by mixing the traditional clinker with supplementary cementitious materials (SCMs) like fly ash, slag, or limestone filler. These materials can reduce the amount of clinker required, which not only decreases emissions but also conserves natural resources.

5. Carbon capture utilization and storage (CCUS): This approach involves capturing CO2 emissions and utilizing them in other industrial processes or permanently storing them. CCUS technologies can be integrated into cement works to capture CO2 from flue gas streams and use it for enhanced oil recovery or other applications.

6. Technological advancements: Constant research and development in cement production technologies can help identify new methods for reducing emissions. This includes advancements in kiln design, clinker production, and the use of alternative raw materials.

7. Carbon offsetting: Cement works can also invest in carbon offset projects to neutralize their emissions. This involves supporting initiatives like reforestation, renewable energy projects, or other carbon reduction activities to compensate for the emissions produced during cement production. It is important to note that different solutions may be suitable for specific cement plants depending on their infrastructure, location, and available resources.

Power provided from Hydrogen plants made using Solar & Wind farms

Inner City Trains