The Government will facilitate adoption of new technologies and innovations to transform low agricultural productivity in the country, President William Ruto has said.


The 30X30 Solutions Toolkit is an online toolbox, a curated web resource, providing guidance and information to implement Target 3 of the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework. Envisioned as a clearing house of resources presented in an accessible and meaningful manner to design, implement and report on 30X30 strategies and action plans.



  • Map and monitor forest cover; measure and reverse deforestation
  • Measure climate risks such as flooding, famine and wildfire
  • Track natural capital utilization and impact on future economic and ecological sustainability
  • Detect hazardous material and take timely measures to curb the danger
  • Monitor water resources and manage in a sustainable manner

Kenya – Pressures on terrestrial ecosystems are huge and increasing. Intensive agriculture is the largest driver of ecosystem loss and creates threats from fertilizer and pesticide pollution. Human population changes can threaten traditional, biodiversity-friendly management. Success therefore depends on wider social and technical changes including restoration, dietary change, the future of pastoralism, rural migration and climate change.


  • The integrity, connectivity and resilience of all ecosystems are maintained, enhanced, or restored, substantially increasing the area of natural ecosystems by 2050;
  • Human induced extinction of known threatened species is halted, and, by 2050, extinction rate and risk of all species are reduced tenfold, and the abundance of native wild species is increased to healthy and resilient levels;
  • The genetic diversity within populations of wild and domesticated species, is maintained, safeguarding their adaptive potential.


  • Biodiversity is sustainably used and managed and nature’s contributions to people, including ecosystem functions and services, are valued, maintained and enhanced, with those currently in decline being restored, supporting the achievement of sustainable development, for the benefit of present and future generations by 2050.


  • The monetary and non-monetary benefits from the utilization of genetic resources, and digital sequence information on genetic resources, and of traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources, as applicable, are shared fairly and equitably, including, as appropriate with indigenous peoples and local communities, and substantially increased by 2050, while ensuring traditional knowledge associated with genetic resources is appropriately protected, thereby contributing to the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity, in accordance with internationally agreed access and benefit-sharing instruments.


  • Adequate means of implementation, including financial resources, capacity-building, technical and scientific cooperation, and access to and transfer of technology to fully implement the Kunming-Montreal global biodiversity framework are secured and equitably accessible to all Parties, especially developing countries, in particular the least developed countries and small island developing States, as well as countries with economies in transition, progressively closing the biodiversity finance gap of $700 billion per year, and aligning financial flows with the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework and the 2050 Vision for Biodiversity.
  • The World Bank will be invited to serve as the Trustee of the GBF Fund, 
  • The GBF Fund will be established similar to the Capacity-building Initiative for Transparency (CBIT) Trust Fund,39 the Least Developed Countries Fund, and the Special Climate Change Fund, and the Nagoya Protocol Implementation Fund (NPIF). 
  • The GBF Fund will combine the contributions of multiple donors. Arrangements for the GBF Fund to be able to receive such contributions are proposed to be put in place in consultation with the Trustee following Trustee’s policies and procedures.
  • The COP requested the GEF to establish the GBF Fund in 2023 and until 2030 unless the COP decides otherwise.
  • The funds in the GBF Fund will be used to approve projects, activities or programming frameworks until December 31, 2030, unless otherwise decided by the Council or the COP. 
  • The GBF Fund will be in a position to receive new contributions until December 31, 2030. Should the GBF Fund receive contributions after the final Work Program constitution for Council approval in 2030, the Council may extend the approval deadlines of projects, activities or programming frameworks by six months, to June 30, 2031 
  • If the CBD COP decides to extend or modify the GBF Fund duration and/or its mandate, the Council will deliberate the necessary decision to respond to such CBD COP decision.


Protected and conserved areas are the foundation of biodiversity conservation. They safeguard nature and cultural resources, improve livelihoods and drive sustainable development.  IUCN works to establish best practices and standards that maximise the effectiveness of protected and conserved areas and advances justice and equity in conservation, including the rights of indigenous peoples and local communities.

NBSAP – National Biodiversity Strategies and Action Plans (NBSAPs)

Through this initiative, UNDP is working with countries to conduct a rapid review of the alignment of existing NBSAPs with the new framework to identify key areas that will need to be updated and refined in light of the new global framework and targets.  

Through this initiative, UNDP is working with countries to conduct a rapid review of the alignment of existing NBSAPs with the new framework to identify key areas that will need to be updated and refined in light of the new global framework and targets.  The NBSAP Forum is a global partnership aiming to support countries in implementing the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and its strategic plans, including global biodiversity targets. To achieve this, CBD Parties are required to develop and implement national biodiversity strategies and action plans (NBSAPs), including national targets, and integrate them into relevant sectoral and cross-sectoral plans, programmes and policies, and submit national reports (NRs) on the effectiveness of measures taken to implement the NBSAP.  The Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity (SCBD), the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) host the NBSAP Forum, in partnership, through generous funding provided by the Global Environmental Facility (GEF). The purpose of the web portal is to support countries in finding the information they need to develop and implement effective NBSAPs and prepare national reports. 

High Seas Treaty

Area-based management tools (ABMTs), including marine protected areas (MPAs)

Marine protected areas as of 2020 (data from MPAtlas).

Area-based management tools (ABMTs), including marine protected areas (MPAs) are recognized as key tools for conserving and restoring biodiversity.  They can be used to protect, preserve and maintain certain areas beyond national jurisdiction. Marine protected areas offer a degree of long term conservation, and are already established in some areas.  However, the protection level of biodiversity varies a lot and the protected areas only cover a small proportion of the areas beyond national jurisdiction. Area based management tools can be used for short-term and emergency measures and to address a specific sector. The process to establish a tool or a protected area is as follows. First, a part under the High Seas treaty has to submit a proposal for an area-based management tool or a marine protected area. The proposal has to be based on the best available sciences and information. It will be made publicly available and transmitted to the Scientific and Technical Body to be reviewed. Hereafter, relevant stakeholders have to be consulted. The proposal has to be adopted by consensus – or if this is not possible, three-quarter majority of the representatives present and voting.

The decision will enter into force within 120 days after the voting, and will be binding for all parties of the treaty. However, if a part within the 120 days makes an objection to the decision, an opt-out is possible. After the treaty text was finalised, it has been reported that the treaty through marine protected areas will protect 30 pct. of the oceans by 2030 – a target adopted at the UN Biodiversity Conference (COP15) in December 2022 – however this is not the case, according to experts.  The treaty can help to implement the 30 by 30 biodiversity target in the oceans, but it will a require a lot of action by states.

Forest and Climate Leaders partnership (FCLP)

At COP26, over 140 world leaders committed to “halt and reverse forest loss and land degradation by 2030, whilst delivering sustainable development and promoting an inclusive rural transformation.” Delivering on this headline objective will require a major shift in the way we manage, use and value natural carbon-rich ecosystems, so that sustaining forests is a positive development choice for governments, private sector and indigenous peoples and local communities. Achieving this systemic change will require high-level political leadership, nationally and internationally, to mobilise the scale of policies, partnerships and resources needed. It requires new collaborations, integration of objectives across organisations, the development of solutions to common challenges and accountability to deliver. The Forest & Climate Leaders’ Partnership – FCLP will work with existing initiatives and organisations to deliver ambition in six specific areas which underpin the commitments set out at COP26, and meet annually to ensure we are on track.